The “impact survey” aims to understand how communities with livelihoods most vulnerable to climate change (pastoralists and smallholder farmers) have already been impacted by climate change and climate-induced conflict. Administered in the field by team members and their students (or, where necessary, locally recruited research assistants or search firms), the survey will engage interlocutors with both structured and open-ended questions regarding adaptive responses to recent and ongoing adverse climate effects. The questionnaire design will be guided by instruments previously employed by Dr. Nour Ayeh and his team’s study of material wellbeing and livelihood adaptation among agro-pastoralist in Djibouti.
It will measure:
(1) observed changes in rainfall, temperatures, wind patterns
(2) understanding of reasons behind these changes
(3) adaptation measures undertaken
(4) impacts and consequences
(5) changing/alternative sources of income
(6) decisions to migrate (rural-urban, or transnational)
(7) links between climate change and conflict
The minimum targeted sample size will be 400 participants (200 pastoralists and 200 farmers) from each country:
Djibouti, Jordan, Oman, Somali-land, Sudan, Yemen.